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Dynamic Braking Resistor

filnor literature Braking Resistors 2009

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Dynamic Braking Resistors

BRAKING RESISTORS FOR VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES

• Resistor wired to terminal block with high temperature wire (up to 20 Ampere)
• Thermo switch available (N.C. or N.O. contacts)
• Well ventilated enclosure with durable powder coated finish
• Built-in junction box with multiple conduit knockouts for easy wiring
• Wall or roof mounted

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Ordering Information Required

DYNAMIC BRAKING RESISTORS
• Torque
• Wattage
• Ohms
• Current
• Duty cycle (on time - off time)
• Enclosure type (NEMA 1 or NEMA 3R)
• Thermo switch required


Application

REGENERATION OF VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES

dynamic braking resistorsWhen a drive unit is attempting to rapidly brake a motor "Deceleration Braking Cycle" or when an "overhauling load" condition exists, the spinning motor acts as a generator. This freewheeling condition will force some voltage back into the drive unit (regeneration) which, depending upon the amount of regeneration, may cause an over voltage condition if the energy is not "dumped" somewhere else. Fifteen to twenty percent of this regenerated energy will be absorbed by the drive itself and natural mechanical / motor losses which leaves about eighty percent of the energy to be absorbed by some other means.

SOLUTION: DYNAMIC BREAKING (DB) RESISTORS

Dynamic braking resistors are used to absorb energy that is being regenerated back into a drive unit by a freewheeling motor and will release that energy in the form of heat.

Filnor DB Resistors are sized based on the following customer supplied information:

1. Voltage:
   • Drive input voltage.
2. Drive horsepower.
3. Braking Torque.
4. Duty Cycle.
   • On time / Off time
5. The maximum braking current or minimum ohmic value
    as specified by the drive manufacturer.
6. Regeneration type:
   • Deceleration braking.
   • Overhauling load.

overhauling load The braking torque is usually specified as 100% or 150% which is a function of the ohmic value of the resistor. Higher braking torque means lower resistance, higher braking currents and faster motor stops, but as indicated, caution should be used to not exceed the drive braking current.

The total amount of wattage actually dumped into the resistor is determined by the duty cycle and by the regeneration type. The duty cycle can be determined by dividing the "Cycle Time" into the "Braking Time".

The regeneration type is a critical piece of information because as previously mentioned, an overhauling load develops about twice the energy of a normal braking cycle.

Filnor Inc. uses the following method to calculate DB resistor requirements for normal braking loads:

1. Calculate the motor/drive wattage:

Motor Wattage (MW) = Motor or Drive horse power (HP) x 746


2. Calculate the peak wattage:

Peak Wattage (PW) = MW x BT


BT = Brake Torque
• Use 1.0 for 100%
• Use 1.5 for 150%


3. Calculate the required resistance:

Resistance = (DC bus voltage)^2 / PW


4. Calculate the Duty Cycle (DC)

DC = Braking Time / Cycle Time


5. Calculate the DB resistor wattage:

Regeneration Type: Normal Braking - - - DBrw = (PW x DC )/2
Maximum "On Time" is 60 seconds for normal braking type.
Regeneration Type: Overhauling Load - - - DBrw = PW x DC
No maximum "On Time" for overhauling load type.


6. Calculate the DB resistor current:

Bi = √(PW/RESISTANCE)


7. Calculate the Braking Current:

DBi = √(DBrw/RESISTANCE)


dynamic braking resistors

db resistor braking time cycle time